PEOPLE BLINDED IN INFANCY HAVE SHARPER LISTENING SKILLS
A very interesting research conducted at Pascal Belin’s laboratory in Montreal (email@example.com), by Frederic Gougoux, Franco Lepore, Maryse Lassonde, Patrice Voss and Robert Zatorre, answers the question: “Do blind people develop superior abilities in auditory perception to compensate for their lack of vision?”. In fact, they are known to be better than sighted people at orientating themselves by sound, but it is not clear whether this enhanced awareness extends to other auditory domains, such as listening to music or to voices.
The authors of the brief communication published in the 15th July issue of Nature (Neuropsychology: Pitch discrimination in the early blind Nature 430, 309, 2004) show that blind people are better than sighted controls at judging the direction of pitch change between sounds, even when the speed of change is ten times faster than that perceived by the controls — but only if they became blind at an early age. The younger the onset of blindness, the better is the performance, which is in line with cerebral plasticity being optimal during the early years.